All solid polarization maintaining silica fiber with birefringence induced by anisotropic metaglass

Anuszkiewicz A., Bouet M., Michalik D., Stepniewski G., Kasztelanic R., Filipkowski A., Pysz D., Cassez A., Klimczak M., Bouwmans G., Mussot A. and Buczynski R.

Optics Letters

47(2), 2022, 401-404, 10.1364/OL.438622

We report the development of a silica glass single-mode polarization-maintaining fiber with birefringence induced by artificial anisotropic glass in the circular core without any external stress zones or structured cladding. The fiber core is composed of silica and germanium-doped silica nanorods ordered in submicrometer interleaved layers. The fiber has a measured cut-off wavelength at 1113 nm, phase birefringence of 0.3×10−4, and an effective mode diameter of 10.5 µm at the wavelength of 1550 nm. The polarization extinction ratio in the fiber is 20 dB at 1550 nm. The fiber is compatible with the standard SMF-28 fiber and can be easily integrated using standard fusion splicing with losses of 0.1 dB.