Effective sub-Zechstein salt imaging using low-frequency seismics - Results of the GRUNDY 2003 experiment across the Variscan front in the Polish Basin

Malinowski M, Grad M, Guterch A, Takács E, Śliwiński Z, Antonowicz L, Iwanowska E, Keller GR, Hegedűs E


439(1-4), 2007, 89-106, 10.1016/j.tecto.2007.03.006

The extent of the Variscan deformation front is one of the key problems of the regional geology of the Central European Permian Basin system, particularly in its Polish part. Conventional reflection seismics usually fails to produce a satisfactory image of the pre-Permian strata due to the shielding effect of Zechstein (Upper Permian) evaporites. Thus we used a novel seismic acquisition technique to study the base of the Permian complex and its Variscan basement. In the GRUNDY 2003 experiment we combined wide-angle reflection–refraction measurements with the near-vertical reflection seismics by the use of the constant geophone array with dense (100 m) receiver spacing occupying 50-km long profile. 3D design of the experiment, covering 50 × 10 km area, helped in eliminating the effect of out-of-plane propagations and local inhomogeneities. An effective integration of traveltime tomography, CDP reflection processing and prestack depth migration of wide-angle reflections applied to our data, allowed us to present the model in which we deduced the contact zone of the Variscan overthrust structure (Variscan front) with its molasse-filled foredeep. The latter might be a gas-generation zone, which is of a great importance for hydrocarbons prospecting in this area.