Combustion of Low-Calorific Waste Biomass Syngas

Kwiatkowski, K., Dudyński, M., Bajer, K.

Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

91 (4), 2013, 749–772, 10.1007/s10494-013-9473-9

The industrial combustion chamber designed for burning low-calorific syngas from gasification of waste biomass is presented. For two different gases derived from gasification of waste wood chips and turkey feathers the non-premixed turbulent combustion in the chamber is simulated. It follows from our computations that for stable process the initial temperature of these fuels must be at least 800 K, with comparable influx of air and fuel. The numerical simulations reveal existence of the characteristic frequency of the process which is later observed in high-speed camera recordings from the industrial gasification plant where the combustion chamber operates. The analysis of NO formation and emission shows a difference between wood-derived syngas combustion, where thermal path is prominent, and feathers-derived fuel. In the latter case thermal, prompt and N2O paths of nitric oxides formation are marginal and the dominant source of NO is fuel-bound nitrogen.