A multi-year study of ecosystem production and its relation to biophysical factors over a temperate peatland

Poczta P., Urbaniak M., Sachs T., Harenda K.M., Klarzyńska A., Juszczak R., Schüttemeyer D., Czernecki B., Kryszak A., Chojnicki B.H.

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

338, 2023, art. 109529, 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109529

Peatlands are among the largest stocks of soil carbon, which can be stored for thousands of years under well-wetted conditions. The main goals of the study were to assess annual and seasonal CO2 balances of a temperate peatland and the main biophysical factors affecting these CO2 fluxes. The studied peatland was usually a CO2 sink with a mean annual net ecosystem production (NEP) of 110±83 gCO2-C·m−2·yr−1 and extreme balances in 2006 (-17 gCO2-C·m−2·yr−1) and 2011 (194 gCO2-C·m−2·yr−1). Annual fluxes were not significantly correlated with biophysical variables, unlike seasonal data. Furthermore, the average air temperature in spring and summer was related to NEP at r2=0.65 and r2=0.61, respectively (warmer spring increased NEP while hot summer decreased NEP in these seasons). A decrease in daytime measured NEP during the summer period (June-August) was observed when TA exceeded 25 °C or VPD was above 15 hPa, respectively, due to the growing Reco and possibly plant photorespiration. These findings suggest a negative impact of ongoing global warming on temperate peatland CO2 balances.