IGF



Ultra-Fast Thermometer 2.0 (UFT-2)

Ultra-Fast Thermometer 2.0 (UFT-2)
Laboratorium: Laboratorium Mechaniki Płynów/ prof. dr hab. Szymon P. Malinowski
Miejsce: ul. Pasteura 5, B4.11
Jednostka organizacyjna: IGF, ZFA
Status: dostępny

UltraFast Thermometers are the family of miniature temperature sensors developed for airborne measurements of small-scale turbulent fluctuations of air temperature, both in clear air as well as inside the clouds (Haman et al. 1997). The principle of measurement is the temperature-dependent resistance of the platinum-coated tungsten wire. Low heat capacity is ensured by its small diameter (2.5 μm) and relatively short length (3-5 mm). The theoretical response time of the wire depends on the ventilation velocity typical for an airborne platform (e.g. about 0.1 ms at 20 m/s). In practice, the instrument can resolve turbulent fluctuations with a temporal resolution of up to 4 kHz. The electric current is minimized to avoid self-heating, thus the signal is amplified with the use of dedicated analogue amplifier boards. 

Currently, there are several models in use:

Model

Characteristics

Example application

UFT-M

two sensing wires on a custom prong behind a shielding rod attached to a wind vane which adapts to the flow direction

Twin Otter aircraft during POST campaign in 2007 (Kumala et al., 2013)

UFT-2-0

two sensing wires on a custom prong behind a very close fixed shielding rod

ACTOS platform (helicopter-borne) during ACORES campaign in 2017 (Siebert et al., 2021)

UFT-2-A

one sensing wire oriented perpendicular to the mean flow mounted on a Dantec prong (55P01) 

Max Planck CloudKite+ (ballon/kite hybrid platform) during EUREC4A campaign in 2020   (Stevens et al., 2021)

UFT-2-B

one sensing wire oriented parallel to the mean flow mounted on a Dantec prong (55P03)

Twin Otter aircraft during EUREC4A campaign in 2020  (Stevens et al., 2021)

 

The UltraFast Thermometer 2.0 (UFT-2) of the Institute of Geophysics is a miniature instrument aimed at high-resolution airborne temperature measurements, both in clear air and clouds. In comparison with its predecessors, UFT (Haman et al., 1997) and UFT-M (Kumala et al., 2013), its design involves no moving parts (e.g. wind vane, difficult to certify on a research aircraft) while the whole thermometer is much smaller (pencil size). Miniaturization reduces flow distortion and aerodynamic noise. 

Photo 1: UFT-2 instrument mounted at the Fluid Dynamics Lab of IGF-UW for visualization of temperature fluctuations during Science Festival (Fig. Moein Mohammadi).

Photo 2: Different thermometers during an intercomparison experiment (from left to right): UFT-2-B, UFT-M, PT100, Dantec 55P71, UFT-2-A (Fig. Jakub Nowak)

Photo 3: Different thermometers during an intercomparison experiment (from left to right): UFT-2-0, UFT-2-0, PT100 (Fig. Jakub Nowak)

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