Dinh Q.H., Pniewski J., Van H.L., Ramaniuk A., Long V.C., Borzycki K., Xuan K.D., Klimczak M., and Buczyński R.
A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) made of fused silica glass, infiltrated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), is proposed as a new source of supercontinuum (SC) light. Guiding properties in terms of effective refractive index, attenuation, and dispersion of the fundamental mode are studied numerically. As a result, two optimized structures are selected and verified against SC generation in detail. The dispersion characteristic of the first structure has the zero-dispersion wavelength at 1.252 μm, while the dispersion characteristic of the second structure is all-normal and equals −4.37 ps·nm−1·km−1 at 1.55 μm. SC generation was demonstrated for the wavelengths 1.064 μm, 1.35 μm, and 1.55 μm. We prove the possibility of coherent, octave-spanning SC generation with 300 fs pulses with only 0.8 nJ of energy in-coupled into the core with each of the studied structures. Proposed fibers are fully compatible with all-silica fiber systems and PCFs with wide mode area, and can also be used for all-fiber SC sources. The proposed solution may lead to new low-cost all-fiber optical systems.
Applied Optics, 2018, vol. 57 (14), pp. 3738-3746, doi: 10.1364/AO.57.003738